James Mattis, United States Secretary of Defense
disagrees Transgender individuals in the armyOn my first day as Secretary of Defense, I wrote, ‘Every action we take will be designed to ensure our military is ready to fight today and in the future.’ It is imperative we align our actions to our larger mission and that we disaggregate priorities that increase the lethality of our forces from functions that are wasteful and unnecessary
Kevin Yoder, Republican US RepresentativeIn an era where the United States depends on a voluntary fighting force to protect our freedoms, anyone who wants to serve our country should be able to. But I believe taxpayer dollars should not be spent on gender reassignment therapies or surgeries
Harvard University, Undergraduate liberal arts college of Harvard UniversityWithin its holistic admissions process, and as part of its effort to build a diverse class, Harvard College has demonstrated a strong record of recruiting and admitting Asian American students. For instance, the percentage of admitted Asian American students admitted to Harvard College has increased from 17.6 percent to 21 percent over the past decade.
Andrew Lam, Assistant professor of ophthalmology at Tufts University School of Medicine, and writerThere’s ample evidence that Asian-Americans are at a disadvantage in college admissions. This issue has divided Asians and others who debate the relative benefits of diversity versus meritocracy in our society. But if Asians are being held back, it’s not so much because of affirmative action but because of preference for whites.
Benoît Hamon, Socialist Party candidate for the 2017 French presidential electionThe idea [of my proposed robot tax] is to make sure that companies whose robot equipment or artificial intelligence increase the global output, employment and redistribution to employees will not be penalized
Leonid Bershidsky, JournalistAutomation did play a certain role in determining less-educated workers' life choices [i.e. losing their routine jobs and being forced either into unemployment or into the service sector]. But, Cortes, Jaimovich and Siu wrote, other factors were at least no less important. They specifically named "the share of high-skilled workers and their occupational choice, outsourcing and trade, and changes i... See More
James Bessen, Lecturer in Law at the Boston University School of Law, economist and writerAlthough automation will lead to further job losses in manufacturing, warehouse operations, and truck driving, the overall impact of automation across most industries will be to increase employment. Even though the pace of advances in robotics and artificial intelligence may accelerate over the next two decades, the impact of that change—whether it tends to increase or decrease employment—depends ... See More
Lawrence H. Summers, Harvard economist and former US Treasury secretaryFirst, I cannot see any logic to singling out robots as job destroyers. There are many kinds of innovation that allow the production of more or better output with less labor input. Why pick on robots? Second, much innovative activity, even of a robotlike variety, involves producing better goods and services rather than simply extracting more output from the same input. Third, and perhaps most fund... See More
Yanis Varoufakis, Former finance minister of Greece, is Professor of Economics at the University of AthensEither the robot sales tax should be dropped or it should be generalized into a capital goods sales tax. But imagine the uproar against a tax on all capital goods: Woe betide those who would diminish domestic productivity and competitiveness!
Andrew Ng, Baidu; Stanford CS faculty; founded Coursera and Google BrainTech world is used to tectonic shift every 5 years from new inventions. Now tech has infected other industries so everyone has to shift.
Jane Kim, American civil rights attorney and politician, member of the San Francisco Board of SupervisorsAs workers are displaced, the companies should continue to pay a portion of the lost tax into a fund that can then be used for education, retraining and targeted investments in new industries. This modest tax will help smooth the transition for our workers, providing them with better opportunities.
Moon Jae-in , Current President of South KoreaMoon Jae-in administration said it will downsize the tax deduction benefits that previous governments provided to enterprises for infrastructure investment aimed at boosting productivity. Though it is not about a direct tax on robots, it can be interpreted as a similar kind of policy considering that both involve the same issue of industrial automation
The narrative that underlies the Students for Fair Admissions lawsuit — that Asian Americans need higher SAT scores to get into elite schools — is powerful. But it is also deeply misleading. It feeds the myth that elite universities have required scores for applicants and that meeting these requirements should guarantee acceptance. In reality, in elite admissions, a high SAT score is generally a n... See More
Our analysis suggests that a tax on the use of robots would make sense, as a potential solution for addressing the development of robots on the labour market. In essence, we believe that granting a legal personality to robots could lead to the emergence of an electronic ability to pay, which should be recognised for tax purposes. After all, we have seen in the past that states, when required, may ... See More
Princeton University, Ivy League UniversityThe university does not admit students in categories. In the admission process, no particular factor is assigned a fixed weight and there is no formula for weighing the various aspects of the application.
disagrees Learning foreign languages at schoolLike the current zombie cult of maths, languages are beloved of reactionary educators for one reason: they are easy to test, quantify and regiment. They are the raw material for education’s new Holy Grail, the league table. Challenge the usefulness of such subjects, and teachers fall back on the medieval saw, that “they train the mind”. They used to say that of Latin – and corporal punishment. The... See More
Andrew Ng, Baidu; Stanford CS faculty; founded Coursera and Google BrainNeed to time technology well: 2007 was good time to launch iPhone; but not 1993 (Apple Newton) since battery/screen/chip tech not there. Extreme example: Leonardo da Vinci (1480s) invention of helicopters was way too early. Engine technology didn’t get there until 1900s. Maybe 2007 was early for autonomous driving (DARPA Urban Challenge) since AI, sensors not yet there. From ~2015 ecosystem more r... See More
Evgeny Morozov, Writer ans researcher on political and social implications of technology.
disagrees Basic IncomeBasic income, therefore, is often seen as the Trojan horse that would allow tech companies to position themselves as progressive, even caring – the good cop to Wall Street’s bad cop – while eliminating the hurdles that stand in the way of further expansion. Goodbye to all those cumbersome institutions of the welfare state, employment regulations that guarantee workers’ rights or subversive attemp... See More
Bill Posey, US Republican Congressman
disagrees VaccinesWe have an autism epidemic [in the US]. But for some reasons they refuse to acknowledge it publicly. Dr Boyle [CDC’s spokesperson on autism and vaccines] admitted that the federal government has never done a very simple, fundamental, basic study comparing autism rates in vaccinated vs. unvaccinated children. The CDC cannot be trusted regarding investigating vaccine safety. Huge conflict of interes... See More
The Economist, Weekly magazine-format newspaperOverall, women earn on average 79% of what men do, but this gap can be almost entirely explained by the fact that men are more likely to do highly paid jobs—not because they are paid more than women doing the same work. In Britain, France and Germany, for example, around 80-90% of executive jobs, and less than two-thirds of clerical jobs, are held by men. Closing the gender pay gap will therefore ... See More
Ruth Lea, Economic adviser, Arbuthnot Banking Group[Brexit would] improve prospects: the UK would be able to appeal/amend irksome regulations [...], would be able to negotiate its own trade deals, would be able to run a non-discriminatory immigration policy without having to favour EU nationals
Peter Hargreaves, Co-founder of Hargreaves Lansdown, one of the UK's largest financial services businessesI'm firmly convinced, that day – hopefully – we decide to leave, that little bit of insecurity, that little bit of unknown, will be an absolute fillip to everyone … It will be a great incentive for us to go out and prove that it's right.
Philip Davies MP, British Conservative Party politician, Member of Parliament for Shipley in West Yorkshire.[Theresa May] says EU membership is vital as it has allowed the extradition of 5,000 criminals from the UK. That's dwarfed by the number being arrested on our streets every year. Being outside the EU would allow us to be able to stop them coming.
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