Annie Lowrey, Economic policy journalist at The Atlantic
disagrees Job GuaranteeThe CAP proposal [jobs guarantee] leaves a number of questions unanswered. For example, the report suggests turning the current pool of unemployed, displaced, and discouraged workers into teachers’ aides, EMTs, and elder-care assistants. But those are jobs that require a considerable amount of training and skill, and are generally long-term careers rather than temporary gigs.
Jean-Marie Harribey, Economist. Conseil scientific d'Attac France. Economistes Aterrés. Fondation Copernic.Would the payment of a basic income to the whole population foster the same macroeconomic mechanism (i.e. a demand-led stimulation)? Yes if such payments anticipate additional production. But, by definition, the unconditional basic income is isolated from any anticipation and therefore from any social validation, as it is unconditional. The utility value of free work (for example the social link o... See More
Randall Wray, Professor of Economics at U. Missouri–Kansas City, Senior Scholar at Levy Economics InstituteI do not support sending a BIG check to everyone. It is a devaluation of the currency, as prices rise so that the BIG payment essentially becomes the entry price to the marketplace. So we will need to target the BIG to those who do not (or cannot) work. Yes there’s some stigma. But, first we implement Employer of Last Resort so that anyone who is ready and willing to work has a job in the Job Gua... See More
Richard D. Wolff, Marxian economist. Professor of Economics Emeritus, University of Massachusetts, AmherstUBI creates a new difference between those people who work and earn a living and those people who, for wathever reason, don't work but still earn a living. This is going to create two classes of people (...) and for me the big issue is why do that?. I like the idea of community building by not having people that are extremely wealthy or extremely poor, but I don't like this way of doing it, becau... See More
Sam Harris, American author, philosopher, and neuroscientistIt is sobering to admit that chaos seems a probable outcome even in the best-case scenario, in which the AGI remained perfectly obedient. But of course we cannot assume the best-case scenario. In fact, “the control problem”—the solution to which would gu
Yoshua Bengio, Computer scientist at University of MontrealOne thing I came with is also … this subject of safe AI came up in many discussions, and I would say that these discussions left a strong [positive] impression on me.
Roman Yampolskiy, Computer scientist at the University of LouisvilleYampolskiy has warned of the possibility of existential risk from advanced artificial intelligence, and has advocated research into "boxing" artificial intelligence
Demis Hassabis, Founder & CEO, DeepMindHe accepts there are “legitimate risks that we should be thinking about now”, but is adamant these are not the dystopian scenarios of science fiction in which super-smart machines ruthlessly dispense of their human creators.
Eric Horvitz, Director of Microsoft Research's main Redmond labDeeper study is also needed to understand the potential of superintelligence or other pathways to result in even temporary losses of control of AI systems.
Alan Turing, British mathematician and logician, a major contributor to mathematics, cryptanalysis, and AIEven if we could keep the machines in a subservient position, for instance by turning off the power at strategic moments, we should, as a species, feel greatly humbled. … [T]his new danger … is certainly something which can give us anxiety.
Pavlina R. Tcherneva, Economist. Chair of the Department of Economics at the Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, NYThere is almost a ‘neoclassical market equilibrating assumption’ behind most BIG analysis that says: “as long as people have cash, the market will magically provide the goods for them, allow them to acquire assets, provide them with the freedom to do what they please, etc. etc.” If the market hasn’t solved these problems now, why would it do so just because people get cash? All structures that ma... See More
Robert F. Kennedy Jr, American radio host, environmental activist, author and attorney specializing in environmental law
disagrees VaccinesNone of the vaccines have more than a few months of double-blind placebo testing, which will not allow you to spot illnesses like autism that aren’t diagnosed before five years. Second of all, in most vaccines, for example the Gardasil vaccine, they don’t use true placebos.
Dustin Moskovitz, co-founder of Facebook and Asana... As concern grows, Dustin Moskovitz and Cari Tuna’s funding outfit is also paying attention, with several recent grants focused on the risks of AI, including one for $5.5 million.
The Economist, News and analysis with a global perspective.Make no mistake: modern welfare states leave plenty to be desired. Disability benefits are for many people an unsatisfactory version of a basic income, providing those who will no longer work with enough to get by. But rather than upend society with radical welfare reforms premised on a job-killing technological revolution that has not yet happened, governments should make better use of the tools ... See More
David Rolf, Vice President of SEIU and President of SEIU Local 775 in SeattleI happen to think universal basic income and a high minimum wage work well in combination to produce tighter labor markets, more consumer spending power, and if McDonald's want to lure you out of your rock band or off your couch to go and cook french fries, they ought to have to pay a premium for that.
Josh Barro, Senior editor for Business Insider
disagrees Job GuaranteeWhile I favor policies to tighten the labor market, I'm not sure how a job guarantee would work. What if you can't do anything useful? What if you're terrible at your guaranteed job? There are things the government could be doing to foster job creation in recessions — deficit spending, nominal GDP targeting, a higher default level of inflation, countercyclical infrastructure investment — that stri... See More
Robert J Shiller, Professor of economics at Yale and Nobel laureate
agrees Robot TaxA moderate tax on robots, even a temporary tax that merely slows the adoption of disruptive technology, seems a natural component of a policy to address rising inequality. Revenue could be targeted towards wage insurance, to help people replaced by new technology make the transition to a different career. This would accord with our natural sense of justice, and thus be likely to endure.
Andy Stern, Author Raising the Floor; Richman Center, Columbia University; Former President SEIUWe're about to lose some of the most basic programs we had [because of technology], like Medicare, potentially. I don’t think there's any proof that it's any more politically feasible to hold on to what we have than to build on a big new idea.
Jack Ma, Alibaba founderSocial conflicts in the next three decades will have an impact on all sorts of industries and walks of life. If trade stops, war starts.
Genetic engineering enables scientists to create plants, animals and micro-organisms by manipulating genes in a way that does not occur naturally. These genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can spread through nature and interbreed with natural organism
Swapan Kumar Datta, Well known scientist of rice biotechnologySeveral issues such as malnutrition and anaemia can be resolved if genetically modified rice is made available for cultivation
Oliver Hart, Nobel Prize winner in Economics and Professor at Harvard
disagrees $13,000 a year for every over-21-year-old American instead of all transfer payments would be better than the status quoBill Gates would get 13K, which is crazy. Raising taxes is costly and so redistribution should be targeted to those who need help most.
Stuart Russell, Professor of Computer Science at BerkeleyThe question is: Could you prove that your systems can’t ever, no matter how smart they are, overwrite their original goals as set by the humans?
disagrees $13,000 a year for every over-21-year-old American instead of all transfer payments would be better than the status quoTotal health expenses and risk will remain high for individuals. It might also shift the norm whether to work. Work = being part of society
Gotz Werner, Founder of Dm-drogerie Markt (Germany's Walgreens)There has always been someone who put trust in me and said: Mr. Werner, show us what you can do. Exactly the same way the basic income says: We grant you so that you can live humbly but with dignity, and now you can show us what you can do.
Vincent Cheynet, Journalist. Degrowth activist. Editor-in-chief de La Décroissance magazine.This puerile regression takes multiple forms : for example the desire of receiving without never contributing to the collective effort – the latter being typical of fetuses and infants. This proposition seems of course at first very nice for whoever remembers the principles of justice. Beyond all the criticism of the unconditional income […], its main flaw seem to us within this framework. This i... See More
Dr. Peter J. Hotez, Dean-National School of Tropical Medicine; Texas Children's Center for Vaccine DevelopmentI’m a vaccine scientist. I’m also the father of an adult daughter with autism. Not only is there an abundance of evidence showing that vaccines are safe, there’s not even any plausibility of an association [with autism]
Tim O'Reilly, Founder and CEO, O'Reilly Media. Investor. Studied at Harvard University.Fear is not the right frame of mind to think about AI's impact on our society
Amer Acad Pediatrics, American professional association of pediatriciansClaims that vaccines are linked to autism, or are unsafe when administered according to the recommended schedule, have been disproven by a robust body of medical literature. Delaying vaccines only leaves a child at risk of disease. Vaccines keep communities healthy, and protect some of the most vulnerable in our society, including the elderly, and children who are too young to be vaccinated or hav... See More
Seth Mnookin, Director of MIT's Graduate Program in Science WritingRobert Kennedy Jr made his name in the anti-vaccine movement in 2005, when he published a story alleging a massive conspiracy regarding thimerosal, a mercury-based preservative that had been removed from all childhood vaccines except for some variations of the flu vaccine in 2001. In his piece, Kennedy completely ignored an Institute of Medicine immunization safety review on thimerosal published t... See More
Sanjay Gupta, American neurosurgeon and multiple Emmy®-award winning chief medical correspondent for CNNThat you are 100 times more likely to be struck by lightning than to have a serious allergic reaction to the vaccine that protects you against measles is not a matter of opinion. That is also a matter of fact.
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