Open uri20180720 4 1aeigje?1532092731

George Eaton,

Migrants pay far more in tax than they claim in benefits, with a net contribution of £7bn a year. An OBR study found that with zero net migration, public sector debt would rise to 145 per cent of GDP by 2062-63, while with high net migration it would fall to 73 per cent.
Open uri20180720 4 1w0d4gc?1532094217

HM Revenue and Customs,

In 2013-14, EEA nationals paid £12.1 billion more Income Tax and National Insurance than they took out in tax credits and Child Benefit.
Open uri20180720 4 1busu6v?1532095759

London School of Economics,

Given that EU immigrants are making net contributions, there is no reason to think that they should crowd out public services. Their extra fiscal contributions could be used to increase spending on local health and education for the UK-born. In other words, reducing EU immigration could generate the need for continued austerity. This would magnify the need for cutbacks caused by the slower growth ... See More
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National Bureau of Economic Research,

Using the NBER TAXSIM program, we estimate that refugees pay $21,000 more in taxes than they receive in benefits over their first 20 years in the U.S.
Open uri20180720 4 1qpvolp?1532098195

Home Office,

A Home Office research study found that, in 1999/2000, first generation migrants in the UK contributed £31.2 billion in taxes and consumed £28.8 billion in benefits and public services – a net fiscal contribution of £2.5 billion.
Open uri20180720 4 11lmzi6?1532098869

George Borjas, Economist

The presence of all immigrant workers (legal and illegal) in the labor market makes the U.S. economy (GDP) an estimated 11 percent larger ($1.6 trillion) each year.
Open uri20180727 4 cgb5gx?1532704701

Boston Planning and Development Agency,

As for the unauthorized immigrants, if they had not achieved legal status by retirement, they would not be eligible to collect Social Security or Medicare benefits even if they had paid into these programs through payroll taxes. In other words, Social Security and Medicare costs related to the immigrant labor force are cost neutral to the host country’s society, and Social Security and Medicare co... See More
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Lord Green of Deddington, Founding chairman of MigrationWatch UK

EU migration, taken as a whole, is not making the positive fiscal contribution that has so often been claimed.
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Centre for American Progress, Progressive public policy research and advocacy organization

Mainstream economists have thoroughly debunked this general stereotype of immigrants as takers, finding that immigrants are a net positive for the economy and pay more into the system than they take out. In fact, immigrants’ contributions have also played a key role in prolonging the solvency of the Social Security Trust Fund. And the truth is that the cost-benefit analyses that immigration restri... See More
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National Immigration Forum,

Immigrants contributed $182.4 billion more to the Medicare Hospital Insurance Trust Fund from 1996 to 2011 than they received in benefits.

Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy,

Undocumented immigrants make considerable tax contributions. Like other immigrants and U.S. citizens they purchase goods and services, work, and live across the country. Proposals to remove immigrants ignore their many contributions. In a time when most states are facing revenue shortages, the potential budgetary impacts of mass deportation merits careful consideration. States could lose an estima... See More
Open uri20180727 4 17wnc47?1532707291

David Hanson,

This report shows that immigration since 2001 has contributed to the public finances as well as to the economy. However the impact of different kinds of immigration varies and the system needs to be fair - so we need stronger border controls to tackle illegal immigration and stronger action against employers who use immigration to undercut local wages and jobs, but we should welcome international ... See More
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Office for Budget Responsibility,

Most recent evidence for the UK is supportive of the view that net inward migration has had a positive fiscal impact.

Department of Home Affairs (Australia), Australian Government interior ministry

Looking more broadly across both migrant incomes and expenses, migrants are estimated to have a positive fiscal impact since they are predominantly of working age when they arrive. This means that they arrive in Australia at a time in their lives when their taxable income is usually highest and usage of government services such as health, education and aged care is usually lowest.
Open uri20180803 4 17vcqzx?1533302016

Mark McKinnon,

disagrees Tariffs
As history has repeatedly proven, one trade tariff begets another, then another - until you've got a full-blown trade war. No one ever wins, and consumers always get screwed.
Open uri20180803 4 1rxalp7?1533302398

Asa Hutchinson, United states politician

disagrees Tariffs
As we learned after President Herbert Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley tariff at the outset of the Great Depression, vibrant international trade is a key component to economic recovery; hindering trade is a recipe for disaster.
Open uri20180803 4 3x8ktl?1533302692

Elaine Chao,

disagrees Tariffs
Smoot and Hawley ginned up The Tariff Act of 1930 to get America back to work after the Stock Market Crash of '29. Instead, it destroyed trade so effectively that by 1932, American exports to Europe were just a third of what they had been in 1929. World trade fell two-thirds as other nations retaliated. Jobs evaporated.
Open uri20180803 4 1bmsgfb?1533302924

Ron Wyden, American politician

disagrees Tariffs
Because of the Korean free trade agreement, South Koreans who want Oregon blueberries are gonna see their prices go down because we will be getting rid of a 45 percent tariff on this Oregon product.

Jonathan Dimbleby,

disagrees Tariffs
As it is, the grotesque distortions of the global market mean that for every dollar the West dispatches to Africa in the form of aid, two dollars are clawed back through subsidies and tariff barriers: a monumental rip-off by the rich as they instruct the poor to accept 'free' trade or else.
Open uri20180803 4 18rsrw1?1533304100

Preneet Kaur,

disagrees Tariffs
The electricity tariff in Punjab is highest in north India, and it should be decreased.

Thomas Sowell, American economist

disagrees Tariffs
Tariffs that save jobs in the steel industry mean higher steel prices, which in turn means fewer sales of American steel products around the world and losses of far more jobs than are saved.
Open uri20180803 4 1fhrk6e?1533304696

Milton Friedman, American economist

disagrees Tariffs
The benefits of a tariff are visible. Union workers can see they are "protected". The harm which a tariff does is invisible. It's spread widely. There are people that don't have jobs because of tariffs but they don't know it.
Open uri20180803 4 1rvxtxv?1533305345

Walter E. Williams,

disagrees Tariffs
Tariff policy beneficiaries are always visible, but its victims are mostly invisible. Politicians love this. The reason is simple: The beneficiaries know for whom to cast their ballots, and the victims don't know whom to blame for their calamity.
Open uri20180803 4 hzk497?1533305982

John Pugsley, American political and economics commentator

disagrees Tariffs
Any time you read that your government is erecting tariff barriers, supporting threatened industries with subsidies, or interfering in any way with free trade between individuals or nations, you must realize that your standard of living is being lowered as a result.
Open uri20180803 4 ko6sqd?1533306602

Nicholas Bloom, Professor of economics

disagrees Tariffs
Many people who have lost out in the last few decades voted for Trump. Trump will have a difficult time turning them into winners. The jobs of these people are not at risk because of Chinese or Mexican workers, but because of robots and computers. And new trade barriers and higher tariffs are not going to change that.
Open uri20180803 4 zeorad?1533308275

Paul Krugman, Economist (nobel laureate) and NY Times columnist

disagrees Tariffs
Trump’s tariffs are badly designed even from the point of view of someone who shares his crude mercantilist view of trade. In fact, the structure of his tariffs so far is designed to inflict maximum damage on the U.S. economy, for minimal gain.
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Michael Pettis, Professor of finance

disagrees Tariffs
Put differently, surpluses don’t arise because surplus countries can produce goods more productively or efficiently. They arise from the need to export domestic savings caused by the low household income share of GDP. Because surplus countries direct their excess savings mainly to the US, the only economy deep, flexible and open enough to absorb them, it is the US that must inevitably run capital ... See More
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Donald J. Trump, President of the USA

agrees Tariffs
I have just authorized a doubling of Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum with respect to Turkey as their currency, the Turkish Lira, slides rapidly downward against our very strong Dollar!
Open uri20180810 4 18ypluf?1533915351


disagrees Tariffs
China is slapping additional import tariffs of 25 percent on $16 billion worth of U.S. goods ranging from oil and steel products to autos and medical equipment, the commerce ministry said, as the world’s two largest economies escalate their trade dispute. “This is a very unreasonable practice,” the commerce ministry said on its website, responding to the United States’ ... See More
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James Lucier, Managing Director at Capital Alpha

agrees Tariffs
It's a disruptive, external shock to the global trading system… (But) I actually think that this [Trump's tariffs on aluminum and steel] will have positive effects in the long run. It makes people in the United States who have not stood up to support free trade much more anxious to do so now that they see the possible consequences of the benefits of free trade being taken away.
Open uri20180810 4 1fqbwii?1533917451

Dr Liam Fox MP,

disagrees Tariffs
[Trump's tariff on steel is] patently absurd. It would be a great pity if we ended up in a tit-for-tat trade dispute with our closest allies.
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Ben Sasse,

disagrees Tariffs
Europe, Canada & Mexico aren't China. You don’t treat allies the same way you treat opponents. Blanket protectionism is a big part of why we had a Great Depression. "Make America Great Again" shouldn’t mean "Make America 1929 Again."
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Peter Navarro, American economist

agrees Tariffs
Our view is that these actions [Trump's tariffs] are necessary to defend this country, and that they are ultimately bullish for Corporate America, for the working men and women of America, and for the global trading system.
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Bob Corker, Politician, businessman

disagrees Tariffs
As the president taxes Americans with tariffs, he pushes away our allies and further strengthens [Russian President Vladimir] Putin. It is time for Congress to step up and take back our authorities. We have legislation to do that. Let’s vote.
Open uri20180817 4 5ckwy9?1534504811

Joseph Stiglitz, Nobel laureate economist based at Columbia University

disagrees Tariffs
With the election of Trump, America's soft power has taken a big hit. The United States has moved from a position of leadership in the creation of a rules-based international system to a position of leadership in its destruction and the creation of a regime of global protectionism. The damage will be long-lasting.
Open uri20180812 4 7yr5ru?1534092682

Manmohan Singh, Former prime minister of India

disagrees Tariffs
Protectionism is a very real danger. It is understandable that in times of a severe downturn protectionist pressures mount but the lessons of history are clear. If we give in to protectionist pressures, we will only send the world into a downward spiral.
Open uri20180812 4 1a5rbdw?1534093017

Lawrence Kudlow,

disagrees Tariffs
The biggest flaw in the Trump economic plan is the tilt toward protectionism. I have parted company with him on this. The question here is whether his campaign bark will turn out to be bigger than his government-policy bite.
Open uri20180812 4 1qbk53p?1534093428

Marion Maréchal-Le Pen, Member of parliament

agrees Tariffs
A form of protectionism should be enforced at national level, at least on strategic areas such as agriculture.
Open uri20180812 4 17bwyxu?1534093769

Robert Mundell, Canadian economist

agrees Tariffs
The United States can't keep a completely open system if the rest of the world is less open. The United States may have to take a leaf out of the book of Japan, China, and Germany, and have protectionism inside the system.
Open uri20180812 4 1q6g6rc?1534094541

Charles Dallara, American economist

disagrees Tariffs
Threats of trade protectionism, plus unilateral actions on the exchange-rate front, such as the heavy interventions of China, Japan, and Switzerland in the currency markets - not to mention the retaliatory tariffs recently passed by the U.S. House of Representatives - endanger growth prospects and could further depress financial market confidence.
Open uri20180812 4 v3cdls?1534094955

Juan Manuel Santos,

disagrees Tariffs
Protectionism is something that will hurt everybody, but especially the United States.
Open uri20180812 4 1kmnimi?1534095106

Stephen Harper, Canadian economist

disagrees Tariffs
We have to remember we're in a global economy. The purpose of fiscal stimulus is not simply to sustain activity in our national economies, but to help the global economy as well, and that's why it's so critical that measures in those packages avoid anything that smacks of protectionism.
Open uri20180812 4 4x79ma?1534095245

Alan Greenspan, American economist

disagrees Tariffs
Protectionism will do little to create jobs and if foreigners retaliate, we will surely lose jobs.
Open uri20180812 4 chmlq?1534095546

Xi Jinping, General secretary of the communist party of china and paramount leader of china

disagrees Tariffs
Pursuing protectionism is just like locking one's self in a dark room: Wind and rain might be kept outside but so are light and air.
Open uri20180817 4 oc9rjq?1534497859

Dennis Kucinich,

Everyone should have health insurance? I say everyone should have health care. I'm not selling insurance.
Open uri20180831 4 1bc9fzz?1535727862

Bernie Sanders, American politician

Health care in Denmark is universal, free of charge and high quality. Everybody is covered as a right of citizenship.
Open uri20180824 4 ffvzal?1535128041

Donald J. Trump, President of the USA

I’m a conservative on most issues but a liberal on this one … We must have universal healthcare …We need, as a nation, to reexamine the single-payer plan.
Open uri20180817 4 12swzls?1534499374

Paul Farmer, American physician

So I can't show you how, exactly, health care is a basic human right. But what I can argue is that no one should have to die of a disease that is treatable.
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Jack Layton,

Remember our proud history of social justice, universal health care, public pensions and making sure no one is left behind. Let's continue to move forward.
Open uri20180817 4 e1kxq6?1534500458

Rod Blagojevich, Former Governor of Illinois

Health care is not a privilege. It's a right. It's a right as fundamental as civil rights. It's a right as fundamental as giving every child a chance to get a public education.
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