agrees CryptocurrenciesCryptocurrencies are a new asset class that enable decentralized applications. Decentralized applications are a new form of organization and a new form of software. They’re a new model for creating, financing, and operating software services in a way that is decentralized top-to-bottom. [...] How different? Imagine the following: you grew up in a rainforest and I brought you a cactus and told you ... See More
David H. Freedman, Journalist: health, science, business, policy & society. The Atlantic, Politico, SciAm.Well, there’s the fact that a universal basic income could add as much as $2 trillion in annual expenses to the U.S. budget. Then there’s the question of whether such a program might disconnect large swaths of our population from the positive aspects of working for a living—a potentially toxic side effect. And finally, there’s little convincing evidence that large-scale technological unemployment ... See More
Louis-Philippe Rochon, Economist; Editor of Review of Keynesian Economics. Laurentian University.By de-emphasizing job creation, this policy actually weakens the power of labour unions, which become stronger when unemployment is low and unionization rates are high. Such labour strength is important in light of weak wage gains relative to productivity gains. Yet, nothing in this policy helps to protect wages. If anything, a guaranteed annual income promotes keeping wages low.
disagrees State-funded faith schoolsI don't have a problem with the existence of faith schools, but they're selective about who can enter. Thus, I don't believe they should be state funded (certainly no more than the proportion of the local population they will accept). This will encourage schools to both represent their ethos, but also their local population, versus the current system where their local intake can be so small that t... See More
Louis-Philippe Rochon, Economist; Editor of Review of Keynesian Economics. Laurentian University.A guaranteed annual income is not an end in itself. It should not be viewed as a replacement for a full employment policy. If the purpose is to reduce inequality and poverty, there are other solutions: bringing real changes to the tax system, getting tougher on fiscal havens, introducing inheritance taxes and of course, jobs, jobs, jobs.
Ralph Callebert, History Professor, Virginia TechWe usually focus on employment and production. Yet, much of the world’s population has no realistic prospects of employment, and we already produce more than what is sustainable. Basic income, however, separates survival from employment or production.
David de Ugarte, Economist and co-founder of the co-op Sociedad de las Indias ElectrónicasThe basic income is attractive: it’s individually empowering, it crosses ideological borders, it’s a technocrat’s dream… but it would have terrible social and moral consequences: xenophobia, inequality, and a rise in the power of Big Businesses.
The UBI short-cut to more leisure time, less poverty, and strengthened unions delivered up on a platter by a corporate-captured state that has demonstrated for 40 years it is committed to the opposite of all this is a fantasy. If we want more leisure time, we have to get productivity growing again. And to get productivity growing again, labour has to become more expensive. And the only way for lab... See More
Robert Provine, Research Professor/Professor Emeritus, University of MarylandThere is no indication that we will have a problem keeping our machines on a leash, even if they misbehave. We are far from building teams of swaggering, unpredictable, Machiavellian robots with an attitude problem and urge to reproduce
Astro Teller, Head of Google XI’ve been working for over twenty years to help people understand AI and to calm dystopian hysteria that has wormed its way into discussions about the future of AI and robotics
Stéphanie Treillet, Economist. Université Paris - Est Créteil. Conseil Scientific d'Attac France-La possibilité (pour les femmes uniquement) de retrait du marché du travail grâce au Revenu d'Existenve semble constituer, dans les versions considérées comme « progressistes », la réponse en miroir aux incitations à accepter n’importe quel travail, dans les versions les plus libérales (proches des politiques actuelles de workfare) présentant une allocation universelle comme un outil de flexibilis... See More
Jennifer Sims, Captain in the United States ArmyFrom what I have experienced, open transgender service strengthens our military. Enabling soldiers to pursue their gender identity allows them to feel a part of the Army’s team and empowers them to be all they can be. Every soldier deserves to have that experience, including the thousands who are transgender.
agrees Job GuaranteeAside from the economic benefits, we deserve to participate in society as both producers and consumers. Participation is a premise for both collective enterprise and the self-determination Americans cherish. Even the best education and training programs cannot assure full employment. We need to change the economy, not people.
Dany Lang, Economist. Associate Professor at University of Paris 13. Researcher at CNRS.I don't believe in the relevance of the universal basic income proposal. [...] Personally, it is a proposal that embodies the idea of the end of work, i.e. it will not be possible any more to ensure full employment for all. However, in a society where there are many social needs not yet fulfilled, because the market mechanisms do not manage to satisfy them and because the Government, both central ... See More
agrees Women-only train carriagesThere is a pragmatic argument for women-only carriages as an interim measure, which is being largely buried by simplistic rhetoric and a disingenous framing of the original proposal. Arguing against the policy on ideological grounds ignores the experience of many women and young girls who are assaulted and become afraid of travelling alone on public transport. It ignores the fact that they feel fo... See More
Anne Eydoux, Economist. Cnam.Centre d'études de l'emploi et du travail.LISE. ParisThe different approaches to UBI do not escape to criticism: either they don’t mention the gender issue or they more or less defend the idea of a maternal salary, with the risk of stating that the latter would be favorable to women emancipation. Hence, the risk is real – we use as a proof the analysis of a “universal” basic income measure already implemented (education parental income, targeting al... See More
Paul Palsterman, Juriste au service d'études de la Confédération des Syndicats Chrétiens de Belgique (CSC).By applying to a fundamentally unequal situation a perfectly equal treatment does not create more equality: it reinforces instead existing inequalities. Far from being fair, it is on the opposite the negation of justice. Regarding social efficiency, we can easily demonstrate that the project has none
Dmytri Kleiner, Venture Communist. Miscommunications Technologist. Telekommunisten Polemicist. ThoughtWorks Analyst.UBI does not alleviate poverty and turns social necessities into products for profit. To truly address inequality we need adequate social provisioning. If we want to reduce means testing and dependency on capitalist employment, we can do so with capacity planning. Our political demands should mandate sufficient housing, healthcare, education, childcare and all basic human necessities for all. Rath... See More
agrees Job GuaranteeThe federal job guarantee would set an implicit floor on wages, healthcare provisions, and any number of working conditions that employers would have to contend with if they want to attract workers. It would dramatically reduce the need for a minimum wage. And it would empower workers by removing the threat of unemployment, which leaves the working class with little to no bargaining power.
Zengchang Qin, Director, Intelligent Computing and Machine Learning Lab, Beihang UniversityPeople are worried about the free will of machines. So far, no scientific evidence can support such a statement. Even human beings’ free will seems to be an enigma, let alone that of machines. Deep diving AI researchers have a crystal clear picture of the industry status quo and risks that may not be manageable. The reality is far from what people might think of.
Stephen Nichols, CEO of GameSaladWho needs to code when you can use visual building blocks or even plain English to describe intent? Advances in natural-language processing and conceptual modeling will remove the need for traditional coding from app development.
disagrees Remote-workIn general I would rather work in a quiet office near my colleagues. There is a clear separation between work and non-work. Communication is faster and easier, less prone to misunderstandings. This however means something like an actual office or a quiet spacious cubicle with high sound absorbent walls. In his book Deep Work, Cal Newport argues in favor of a "hub and spoke" office layout where ... See More
Jonathan Zittrain, Internet Law Professor at Harvard Law SchoolA social-media or search company looking to take the next step and attempt to create a favorable outcome in an election would certainly have the means. While a propagandistic Google doodle or similarly ideological alteration to a common home page lies in plain view, newsfeeds and search results have no baseline. They can be subtly tweaked without hazarding the same backlash.
Christopher Udry, Professor of economics at Yale University
disagrees $13,000 a year for every over-21-year-old American instead of all transfer payments would be better than the status quoThe simplicity is attractive, but deceptive. Coupled with universal health care & tax reform it could work. but we are far from that.
Denny Vrandečić, Wikidata founder, Google ontologistThere are plenty of consequences of the development of AI that warrant intensive discussion (economical consequences, ethical decisions made by AIs, etc.), but it is unlikely that they will bring the end of humanity
Andrew Davison, Professor at Imperial College LondonExponentially increasing technology might lead to super-human AI and other developments that will change the world utterly in the surprisingly near future (i.e. perhaps the next 20--30 years)
Babak Hodjat, Co-founder and chief scientist of SentientAI is no more or less dangerous than any other one of humanity’s inventions, and so far, the verdict on human technology has been pretty positive
Imagine a computer that wants to calculate π to as many digits as possible. That computer will see humans as being made of atoms which it could use to build more computers; and worse, since we would object to that and might try to stop it, we’d be a potential threat that it would be in the AI’s interest to eliminate
Guruduth S. Banavar, Vice President, IBM ResearchSensationalism and speculation around general-purpose, human-level machine intelligence is little more than good entertainment
Neil Jacobstein, Artificial Intelligence & Robotics, Singularity UniversityI think we will live in a world that is, frankly, a lot better, cleaner, safer, healthier than the one we live in today
Donald D. Hoffman, Cognitive Scientist, UC, IrvineAll species go extinct. Homo sapiens will be no exception. We don't know how it will happen—virus, an alien invasion, nuclear war, a super volcano, a large meteor, a red-giant sun. Yes, it could be AIs, but I would bet long odds against it. I would bet, instead, that AIs will be a source of awe, insight, inspiration, and yes, profit, for years to come.
Kevin Maney, Author and columnistIn 2030, when today’s 10-year-olds are in the job market, they’ll need to be creative, problem-solving design thinkers who can teach a machine how to do things. Most of them will find that coding skills are about as valuable as cursive handwriting.
Bart Selman, Computer scientist at Cornell UniversityIt's a societal risk. Society will have to adapt. How we will adapt is not fully clear yet. But I think it's something we'll have to think about.
Seth Ackerman, Doctoral candidate in History at Cornell. Editorial board of Jacobin magazine.Reducing work-time(...) is enormously preferable, because everyone benefits equally and together. The alternative – reducing the number of workers per capita (with an UBI) – amounts to the creation of essentially arbitrary classes of idle and segmented citizens, whose existence would be virtually guaranteed to divide and embitter the working class to the benefit of reactionary pro-work politics.
Chris Olah, Google researcherWe believe it’s essential to ground concerns in real machine-learning research, and to start developing practical approaches for engineering AI systems that operate safely and reliably
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