Opinions from university teachers

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Open uri20180214 4 3fiw?1518630302

Nouriel Roubini,

disagrees Cryptocurrencies
Bitcoin is the mother of all bubbles, favoured by charlatans and swindlers.
Open uri20170831 4 1dafrgk?1504188392

Lawrence H. Summers, Harvard economist and former US Treasury secretary

agrees Soda taxes
We have strong evidence from around the world that raising taxes on products like tobacco, sugar sweetened beverages and alcohol is highly effective at reducing harmful consumption and saving lives. I think this is about as close to free-lunch, win-win policy as economists have found
Open uri20170831 4 1dafrgk?1504188392

Lawrence H. Summers, Harvard economist and former US Treasury secretary

agrees Health taxes
We have strong evidence from around the world that raising taxes on products like tobacco, sugar sweetened beverages and alcohol is highly effective at reducing harmful consumption and saving lives. I think this is about as close to free-lunch, win-win policy as economists have found
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Mitchel Resnick, Professor of Learning Research at MIT Media Lab

I think the reasons for learning to code are the same as the reasons for learning to write. When we learn to write, we are learning how to organize, express, and share ideas. And when we learn to code, we are learning how to organize, express, and share ideas in new ways, in a new medium.
Open uri20171209 4 12oxrk2?1512837702

Mitchel Resnick, Professor of Learning Research at MIT Media Lab

Both groups benefit. Moreover, that’s one way of dealing with the challenge of a single teacher committed to 30 or more kids. It doesn’t have to be that way. Older kids can be helping younger kids, people from the community can be helping.
Open uri20160824 3 b0h9qr?1472038635

Hillary Clinton, US presidential candidate

We can’t fall into the trap set up by the gun lobby that says if you cannot stop every shooting you shouldn’t try to stop any
Open uri20170910 4 leh3pm?1505063440

Laura Tyson, American business academic

agrees Carbon Tax
Economists across the political spectrum agree that a carbon tax is the most effective way to discourage carbon consumption and lower the risks of catastrophic climate changes.
Open uri20170908 4 1bgohsr?1504906823

Martin Feldstein, Economics Professor @ Harvard University & President Emeritus, National Bureau of Economic Research

agrees Carbon Tax
Two-thirds of American households will receive more in carbon dividends than they will pay directly in carbon taxes.
Open uri20170908 4 1i1voe1?1504899504

Jefferey Sachs, American economist

agrees Carbon Tax
Each region of the world should introduce a tax on CO2 emissions that starts low today and increases gradually and predictably in the future
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Gary Becker,

agrees Carbon Tax
We should seek out the many forms of subsidy that run through the entire energy enterprise and eliminate them. In their place we propose a measure that could go a long way toward leveling the playing field: a revenue-neutral tax on carbon, a major pollutant.
Data?1504904809

Hal Varian, Chief Economist at Google

agrees Carbon Tax
...there are several good reasons that increasing the gasoline tax in the United States makes economic sense
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Robert H. Frank, University of California, Berkeley, Georgia Institute of Technology

agrees Carbon Tax
Reducing CO2 emissions would actually be surprisingly easy. The most effective remedy would be a carbon tax, which would raise the after-tax price of goods in rough proportion to the size of their carbon footprint.
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WiIlliam Nordhaus, Professor of economics at Yale University

agrees Carbon Tax
Actually from an economic point of view, it's a pretty simple problem
Open uri20180214 4 3fiw?1518630302

Nouriel Roubini,

agrees Carbon Tax
It Is High Time for a Carbon Tax
Open uri20170908 4 1kedbxt?1504900173

George Shultz, American economist, statesman, and businessman

agrees Carbon Tax
There has to be a way to level the playing field and cause those forms of energy to bear their true costs. That means putting a price on carbon.
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Robert Reich, American political economist

agrees Carbon Tax
The single most important thing we can do -- the single solution -- is to put a price on carbon.
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Richard Posner,

agrees Carbon Tax
Stiff taxes will put pressure on the energy industry to achieve technological breakthroughs (such as sequestration of carbon dioxide) that will greatly reduce the use of fossil fuels.
Open uri20170901 4 ylyiwi?1504262299

Heiner Flassbeck, Economist

disagrees Basic Income
(Pro UBI) argument is that, today, the technological evolution is destroying so many jobs that there is no longer any other choice than to decouple income from work. This argument is absurd for many reasons, but mainly because productivity nowadays is rising much slower than several decades ago. If, one day, productivity would increase substantially again, it will be both possible and necessary to... See More
Open uri20170708 4 hg4g03?1499511568

Paul De Grauwe, Economist. Professor in European Political Economy at the London School of Economics

disagrees Basic Income
A universal basic income that has the ambition to ban poverty from the world, is then immensely expensive. That doesn’t need to surprise you. To give the poor (a minority in society) a basic income, you have to also provide a basic income to the large majority that doesn’t need it. This leads to new problems. The working majority receives a basic income that stands loose from labor efforts, bu... See More
Open uri20170707 4 1fj7hfz?1499455572

Richard D. Wolff, Marxian economist. Professor of Economics Emeritus, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

disagrees Basic Income
UBI creates a new difference between those people who work and earn a living and those people who, for wathever reason, don't work but still earn a living. This is going to create two classes of people (...) and for me the big issue is why do that?. I like the idea of community building by not having people that are extremely wealthy or extremely poor, but I don't like this way of doing it, becau... See More
Open uri20170706 4 s7r2w8?1499334383

Paul Jorion, Anthropologist. Sociologist. Université libre de Bruxelles

disagrees Basic Income
Isn't there a better way to answer to answer to the concerns of the beneficiaries of Government benefits? Yes of course: by allocating the sums that we could gather for a UBI program to ensure free basic necessities (food, accommodation, transportation, connectivity) - a measure that, unlike UBI, would not be consumerist in its approach and that would therefore respect the environment. Free necess... See More
Open uri20170706 4 15fcvjw?1499369036

Randall Wray, Professor of Economics at U. Missouri–Kansas City, Senior Scholar at Levy Economics Institute

disagrees Basic Income
I do not support sending a BIG check to everyone. It is a devaluation of the currency, as prices rise so that the BIG payment essentially becomes the entry price to the marketplace. So we will need to target the BIG to those who do not (or cannot) work. Yes there’s some stigma. But, first we implement Employer of Last Resort so that anyone who is ready and willing to work has a job in the Job Gua... See More
Open uri20170515 4 nq8k7z?1494876493

Thomas Piketty,

disagrees Basic Income
I have difficulty in understanding those who insist on wishing to pay a basic income of 500 Euros per month to those earning a salary of 2000 Euros, and then deduct the same sum by raising their taxes deducted at source.
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Bryan Caplan, GMU econ professor, blogger, author

disagrees Basic Income
The Universal Basic Income is indeed worse than the status quo. In fact, all the fundamental criticisms of the welfare state apply with even greater force.
Open uri20170129 4 1usuax2?1485688447

Ailsa McKay, Feminist Economist

agrees Basic Income
A Citizens Basic Income (CBI) would ensure that the financial gains from paid work were always positive and would provide a more secure base for individuals to opt in and out of the labour market, thus promoting greater flexibility with respect to individual life choices.
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Lord Robert Skidelsky, Economist

agrees Basic Income
An unconditional basic income would make part-time work a possibility for many who now have to work full-time at minimum wages; it would also start to give all workers the same choice as to how much to work, and under what conditions, as is now possessed by owners of substantial capital.
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Philippe Van Parijs, Professor at the Faculty of Economic, Social and Political Sciences of the University of Louvain

agrees Basic Income
Basic Income: a simple and powerful idea for the twenty-first century
Open uri20170129 4 1t4ks57?1485688404

Jeremy Rifkin, American Economic and Social Theorist, Author, Political Advisor

agrees Basic Income
Basic income is not a utopia. It's a practical business plan for the next step of the human journey
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Pranab Bardhan, Berkeley Economics Professor

agrees Basic Income
India should consider replacing inefficient subsidies with a basic monthly income for all citizens
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Ralph Nader, Consumer advocate, author and former presidential candidate

agrees Basic Income
Basic income would get rid of chronic capitalism
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Joseph Stiglitz, Nobel laureate economist based at Columbia University

disagrees Basic Income
You want your government to think more carefully about targeting programmes that help those in need, rather than universal. That’s a trade-off given the budget constraints on the public sector
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Tyler Cowen, Professor of Economics, George Mason University & author of Average is Over

disagrees Basic Income
"Let’s send a check to everyone" is an appealing idea, but I've come around to the view that doing so would do more harm than good. [...] It eventually would choke off immigration to the U.S. Voters don't like sending money to immigrants.
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Moshe Vardi, AI and Automation Expert With 30 Yrs Experience

agrees Basic Income
we may have to consider instituting a Basic Income Guarantee
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Erik Olin Wright, Professor of Sociology, University of Wisconsin - Madison

agrees Basic Income
A generous basic income would contribute to revitalizing a socialist challenge to capitalism
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Robert Reich, Former Secretary of Labor

agrees Basic Income
A minimal guarantee with regard to income, it seems to me as almost inevitable in terms the direction that the structural changes of our economy are taking us in.
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Tony Atkinson, Research Fellow at Oxford and Professor at the London School of Economics

disagrees Basic Income
I don’t in fact favour a basic income as such, what I favour is what I call a participation income
Open uri20170704 4 1nvmmd2?1499193363

Bill Mitchell, Professor of Economics and Musician

agrees Job Guarantee
The first major intervention should be the announcement by the Federal government of a Job Guarantee, which would unconditionally provide a minimum wage job to anybody who could not find work elsewhere.
Open uri20160822 3 msn42h?1471894286

Yanis Varoufakis, Former finance minister of Greece, is Professor of Economics at the University of Athens

disagrees Robot Tax
Either the robot sales tax should be dropped or it should be generalized into a capital goods sales tax. But imagine the uproar against a tax on all capital goods: Woe betide those who would diminish domestic productivity and competitiveness!
Open uri20170825 4 8rzufa?1503670405

Robert J. Shiller, Professor of economics at Yale and Nobel laureate

agrees Robot Tax
A moderate tax on robots, even a temporary tax that merely slows the adoption of disruptive technology, seems a natural component of a policy to address rising inequality. Revenue could be targeted towards wage insurance, to help people replaced by new technology make the transition to a different career. This would accord with our natural sense of justice, and thus be likely to endure.
Open uri20170831 4 1dafrgk?1504188392

Lawrence H. Summers, Harvard economist and former US Treasury secretary

disagrees Robot Tax
First, I cannot see any logic to singling out robots as job destroyers. There are many kinds of innovation that allow the production of more or better output with less labor input. Why pick on robots? Second, much innovative activity, even of a robotlike variety, involves producing better goods and services rather than simply extracting more output from the same input. Third, and perhaps most fund... See More
Open uri20180614 4 1u58ngz?1528998462

Dean Baker, Macroeconomist and codirector of the Center for Economic and Policy Research

disagrees Job Guarantee
A jobs guarantee may be a good aspirational goal, but we have a lot of messy work that we have to deal with first. If the push for a jobs guarantee distracts from this work, then it will be a major step backwards
Open uri20170706 4 15fcvjw?1499369036

Randall Wray, Professor of Economics at U. Missouri–Kansas City, Senior Scholar at Levy Economics Institute

agrees Job Guarantee
Estimated spending will be 1–2 percent of GDP, with economic, social and political benefits several times larger. Net program costs will be much lower, since spending on unemployment compensation and other relief will be reduced—this program will pay people for working, rather than paying them not to work. The promise of increased national productivity and shared prosperity should far outweigh an... See More
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Peter Drucker, Management consultant, educator, and author

Culture eats strategy for breakfast
Open uri20170610 4 10aymhs?1497102676

Marvin Minsky, Mathematician, computer scientist, and pioneer in the field of artificial intelligence

The ultimate risk comes when our greedy, lazy, masterminds are able at last to take that final step: to design goal-achieving programs which are programmed to make themselves grow increasingly powerful.
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Alan Turing, British mathematician and logician, a major contributor to mathematics, cryptanalysis, and AI

Even if we could keep the machines in a subservient position, for instance by turning off the power at strategic moments, we should, as a species, feel greatly humbled. … [T]his new danger … is certainly something which can give us anxiety.
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Marcus Hutter, Professor in the Research School of Computer Science at Australian National University

Way before the singularity, even when setting up a virtual society in our imagine, there are likely some immediate difference, for example that the value of an individual life suddenly drops, with drastic consequences.
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Hans Moravec, Former professor at the Robotics Institute of CMU, and founder of the SeeGrid Corporation

He states that by the end of this process “the immensities of cyberspace will be teeming with unhuman superminds, engaged in affairs that are to human concerns as ours are to those of bacteria”
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Lennart Bengtsson, Swedish meteorologist

"The problem we have now in the scientific community is that some scientists are mixing up their scientific role with that of climate activist
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Roy Spencer, Principal Research Scientist at the University of Alabama in Huntsville

I think it is more likely that the warming is mostly natural. At the very least, we have no way of determining what proportion is natural versus human-caused.
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Stephen Schneider, Professor of Environmental Biology and Global Change at Stanford University

You can't adapt to melting the Greenland ice sheet. You can't adapt to species that have gone extinct
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